文心雕龍 Wenxin diaolong

Wén Xīn Diāo Lóng [Wén Xīn Diāo Lóng].
Engelse titel: The Literary Mind: Dragon-Carvings

The Wenxin diaolong by Liu Xie 劉勰(fl. late fifth to early sixth century) is the most important early medieval work of literary theory, acclaimed for its deep understanding, elegant diction, and singularly comprehensive approach. The Wenxin diaolong addresses a broad scope of questions, from the lofty workings of the literary imagination down to the depths of typology, illustrated throughout by perceptive, critical references to a vast number of texts through the ages that reveal Liu Xie's outstanding erudition.

The words wenxin diaolong are commonly understood to express the complementary relation, or balance, of the spirit and the craft of literature. However, the exact meaning of the title's two components as well as their syntactic relationship have been interpreted in manifold ways, such as "the literary mind and the carving of dragons," “the literary mind carves dragons”, "carving a dragon at the core of literature,” “carving the dragon of the literary mind , " and so forth.

The Wenxin diaolong is unusually extensive for a text of literary thought. Containing more than 38,000 characters. Another distinguishing feature of the Wenxin diaolong is its systematic organization that, given Liu Xie's expertise in Buddhist literature and thought, has led to the assumption that its structure was influenced by Indian epistemological and analytical models, especially the sastras. Yet the organization of the work can actually be explained by an indigenous concept embodied in a venerated canonical book of Confucianism: the Wenxin diaolong’s fifty chapters (pian 篇) correspond to the cosmologically significant number of yarrow stalks used in divination according to the Zhou yi 周 易 (Changes of Zhou).

The date of the Wenxin diaolong is not known. According to one theory, Liu Xie completed the work during the last years of the Qi dynasty (479-502), toward the end of his stay with Sengyou. (Antje Richter 2014)

Ga naar de auteurspagina Liu Xie

Indeling tekst

De tekst kent drie thematische units: hst 1-5, hst 6-25, en hst 26-49.
De vertalingen zijn van Antje Richter 2014 / Wong Siu-Kit 1999

01. 原道 Yuan dao - The Way as the source / The Way the Origin
02. 徵聖 Zheng sheng - Evidence from the sages / The Sages the Oracle
03. 宗經 Zongjing - The canon as the ancestor / The Classics the Forefather
04. 正緯 Zheng wei - Rectifying the apocrypha / Putting the Cabala in Order
05. 辨騷 Biansao - Distinguishing the elegies / Isolating Sao Poetry

06. 明詩 Mingshi - Elucidating lyric poetry / Understanding Shi Poetry
07. 樂府 Yuefu - Music Bureau poetry / The Yuefu Poems
08. 詮賦 Quanfu - Explaining rhapsodies / Explaining Fu Poetry
09. 頌讚 Song zan - Eulogies and encomia / Eulogistic Songs and Summaries
10. 祝盟 Zhumeng - Prayers and covenants/ Prayers and Oaths
11. 銘箴 Mingzhen - Inscriptions and admonitions / Inscriptions and Punctures
12. 諌碑 Leibe i- Dirges and epitaphs / Laudations and Epitaphs
13. 哀吊 Aidiao - Laments and condolences / Commiseration and Condolence
14. 雜文 Zawen - Miscellaneous patterned texts / Miscellaneous Rhythmic Prose
15. 諧韉 Xieyin - Humor and riddles / Puns and Parables
16. 史傳 Shizhuan - Historical traditions / Scribal Hermeneutics
17. 諸子 Zhuzi - The masters / The Philosophers
18. 論說 Lunshuo - Disquisitions and discourses / Argument and Persuasion
19. 詔策 Zhaoce - Edicts and patents of enfeoffment / Imperial Edicts
20. 檄移 Xiyi - War proclamations and dispatches / Declaration of War and of Disquiet
21. 封襌 Fengshan - The sacrifices to heaven and earth / The Fengshan Sacrifice
22. 章表 Zhang biao Declarations and petitions / Memorials Illuminative and Manifestative
23. 奏啟 Zouqi - Presentations and communications /
Reports to the Throne and Statements
24. 議對 Yidui – Opinions and answers / Debates and Answers
25. 書記 Shu ji – Written records / Notes and Letters

26. 神思 Shensi - Spirit thought / Magical Imagination
27. 體性 Tixing - Style and personality / Style and Personality
28. 風骨 Fenggu - Wind and bone / The Affective Air and the Literary Bones
29. 通變 Tongbian - Continuity and change / Continuity and Change
30. 定勢 Dingshi - Determination of momentum / Stylistic Force
31. 情采 Qingcai - Actual condition and ornamentation
32. 鋳裁 Rongzai - Casting and tailoring / Modelling and Tailoring
33. 聲律 Shenglü - Prosody / The Music
34. 章句 Zhangju - Paragraph and period / Chapter and Verse
35. 麗辭 Lici - Parallel phrasing / Couplets
36. 比興 Bixing - Comparison and affective image / Bi and Xing - Two Types of metaphor
37. 夸飾 Kuashi - Hyperbole / Hyperbole
38. 事類 Shilei - Allusion and reference / Allusions
39. 練字 Lianzi - Elaborate characters / Language Refinement
40. 隱秀 Yinxiu - Latent and salient / Hidden Grace and the Visible Flower
41. 指瑕 Zhixia - Pointing out flaws / Picking out the Imperfections
42. 養氣 Yangqi - Nourishing vitality / Preservation of the Life-breath
43. 附會 Fuhui - Fluency and coherence / Assemblage and Collation
44. 總術 Zongshu - The general technique / Methodology
45. 時序 Shixu - Chronological order / Chronological Order
46. 物色 Wuse - The appearance of things / The Beauty of Nature
47. 才略 Cailiie - Survey of talent / Talent
48. 知音 Zhiyin - The one who knows the tone / Understanding Another's Voice
49. 程器 Chengqi - Weighing the vessel / Weighing the Vessel

50 Postface / Declaration of Intent

Online informatie:

Wikipedia: Liu Xie

Literatuur en vertalingen

Hieronder kunt u een selectie maken van de verschillende publicatievormen en de taal. Ik beperk me tot vier taalgebieden (Nederlands, Engels, Frans en Duits). De meeste literatuur is overigens engelstalig.

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Boeken 1 tot 4 van de 4

Cai, Zong-qi, redactie (2001). A Chinese Literary Mind: Culture, Creativity, and Rhetoric in Wenxin Dialong. Stanford University Press.*
ISBN13: 978-0-8047-3618-3ISBN: 9780804736183

Meer informatie...

Richter, Antje (2014). Wenxin Dialong. In Cynthia L. Chennault, Early Medieval Chinese Texts. Institute of East Asian Studies

Shih, Vincent Yu-chung (1959). The literary mind and the carving of dragons. Columbia University Press.*
herziene editie 1983 en opnieuw herziene editie 2015
ISBN13: 978-962-996-585-3ISBN: 9789629965853
Ook online.

Meer informatie...

Wong, Siu-kit (1999). The Book of Literary Design. Hong Kong University Press.*
ISBN13: 978-962-209-464-2ISBN: 9789622094642

Boeken 1 tot 4 van de 4

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