笑道論 Xiaodao lun

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Engelse titel: Laughing at the Dao

The Xiaodao lun (Laughing at the Dao) is an anti-Daoist polemical text written by the official Zhen Luan and presented to Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou dynasty in 570 C.E. Divided into thirty-six sections in mocking imitation of the division of the Daoist canon, the text concentrates on attacking Daoist mythology, doctrine, ritual, and religious practice. To do so, it cites heavily from Daoist scriptures and shows their inconsistency and absurdity by juxtaposing them with other Daoist texts and with Confucian classics, historical documents, and math- ematical calculations. The Xiaodao lun is a highlight in an ongoing process of de- bate among Buddhists and Daoists in medieval China. Its origins, role, and special features are best understood in relation to the debates that both preceded and followed it. (Kohn 2008 p4)


Indeling tekst

Vertaling van de hoofdstukken is van Livia Kohn 2008

Preface
1. The Highest Lord of the Dao Created Heaven and Earth
2. Fictitious Reign Titles
3. Primordial Qi Turned into Heavenly Beings
4. Humanity Was Created from Earth
5. Five Buddhas Appear Simultaneously
6. Revival of the Dead Through Fivefold Purification
7. Avalokitesvara Serves on the Dao
8. The Buddha Was Born in the West, in Yin
9. The Size of the Sun and the Moon
10. The Floating of Mount Kunlun
11. Daoist Heavenly Bureaucracy
12. The Appellation “Nanwufo”
13. Birds’ Tracks as the Earliest Form of Writing
14. Zhang Qian Acquires Buddhist Sutras
15. Suns and Moons Assembling
16. The Highest Lord Is the Most Worthy
17. The Five Grains Chisel Life Away
18. Laozi Became the Buddha
19. Gautama as a Messenger
20. Offerings of Meat and Wine and Service to Deviant Spirits in Pursuit of the Dao
21. Buddhist Deviant Teachings Disturb the Political Order
22. Trees Wither upon Hearing the Precepts
23. In Worship, the North Is Venerated First
24. Harming One’s Kin to Pursue the Dao
25. The Life-Giving Talisman
26. A Kalpa Lasts as Long as a Chun Tree
27. Arising and Dying with the Kalpas
28. Taking Cinnabar Brings a Golden Complexion
29. Plagiarizing Buddhist Sūtras for Daoist Scriptures
30. Imitating the Buddhist Principle of Cause and Effect
31. Daoist Scriptures: Revealed and as yet Unrevealed
32. Five Hundred Million Layers of Heaven
33. Daoist Formalities of Entering and Leaving
34. Daoists Worship the Buddha
35. The Daoist Harmonizing of Energies
36. Philosophical Writings as Daoist Works


Online informatie:

Wikipedia: Xiaodao Lun


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Kohn, Livia (2008). Laughing at the Dao: debates among Buddhists and Daoists in medieval China. Three Pine Press.
ISBN13: 978-1-931483-07-0ISBN: 9781931483070

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